Geography

By the end of their time at Sudbourne, each child will have experienced a wide variety of learning opportunities in order to develop their knowledge and understanding of place, space and scale and the ways in which they connect.  

 

Phase 1 (Years 1 and 2)

Themes

Cycle A

Themes

Cycle B

T1

Mapping

  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map Geography – key stages 1 and 2 3
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key

 

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

T1

Continents of the world

Countries of the world

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans

 

name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

T2

Comparing Brixton to another country

 

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

 

T2

UK

  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas
  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

 

T5

Maps, Atlas’ and Globes

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage

 

T6

Place Knowledge

- Whole School Topic

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • key human features, including:

city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

 

Phase 2 (Years 3 and 4)

Themes/ Term

Cycle A

Themes/ term

Cycle B

T1

Local Study

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

T2

Recycling

Three R’s

  • human geography, including:

types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

 

T3

World Geog.

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America Human and physical geography

 

 

T4

Compare and Contrast

London River Thames

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

 

T5

Mapping

  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere

 

T6

Physical Geog.

- Whole School Shared Topic-

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

 

 

Phase 3 (Years 5 and 6)

Themes/ Term

Cycle A

Themes/ term

Cycle B

T1

Local Study

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

T2

Local

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time

describe and understand key aspects of:

  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

 

T3

World Geog.

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America Human and physical geography

 

T4

Water Cycle

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

 

T5

Mapping

  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

 

T6

Physical Geog.

- Whole School Shared Topic-

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

 

 

 

 

Our overall aim is to ensure geography is a motivating, challenging, fun and topical subject and to give pupils the confidence and skills to answer core geographical questions.

Place:

  • What is this place called?
  • What is it like?
  • What kind of human and physical features does it have?
  • How and why is it changing?
  • What do people do here?
  • How do I feel about it?
  • How does it compare to other places?

Space:

  • Where is this place?
  • How does it connect to other places?
  • How can it be mapped?
  • What is unique about its location?

Scale:

  • How does my view of this place change when I zoom in or out?
  • How and why are places connected at different scales?